AES Keys

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The SoC in each device have an AES coprocessor with the GID Key and UID-key built in.

Running The Engine

Currently, there are several ways to run the hardware AES engine:

  • Patch iBoot to jump to aes_decrypt.
  • Use OpenIBoot.
  • Use the crypto bundle provided in XPwn to utilize it via userland. This method requires a kernel patch.
  • Use Greenpois0n console.

If you want to decrypt IMG3 files you need to use this. The GID Key currently has not been extracted from the phone, so the only way to use it is on the phone itself.

See Obtaining IMG3 Keys for an iBoot patch.

Derived keys

Some derived keys are computed by the IOAESAccelerator kernel service at boot. These keys are generated by encrypting static values either with the UID key (0x7D0 identifier) or the GID key (0x3E8 identifier). The values defined in the iPhone 4 (iPhone3,1) 5.0 kernel are :

__text:807E3000 keys_to_compute DCD 0x835,0x7D0,0x01010101,0x01010101,0x01010101,0x01010101
__text:807E3018                 DCD 0x899,0x7D0,0xB5FCE8D1,0x8DBF3739,0xD14CC7EF,0xB0D4F1D0
__text:807E3030                 DCD 0x89B,0x7D0,0x67993E18,0x543CB06B,0xF568A46F,0x49BD0C1C
__text:807E3048                 DCD 0x89A,0x7D0,0x335B1FDB,0x1C5F6C60,0x66AA3419,0x61069C58

Key 0x835

Generated by encrypting 0x01010101010101010101010101010101 with the UID-key.
Used for data protection.

Key 0x836

Generated by encrypting 0x00E5A0E6526FAE66C5C1C6D4F16D6180 with the UID-key.
This is computed by the kernel during a restore, but is zeroed out during a normal boot. It is also computed by the Secure Bootloader, and its only known use is to decrypt LLB in NOR. Like 0x835, it is different for each device.

Key 0x837

Generated by encrypting 0x345A2D6C5050D058780DA431F0710E15 with the S5L8900 GID Key, resulting in 0x188458A6D15034DFE386F23B61D43774.
It is used as the encryption key for IMG2 files. With the introduction of IMG3 in iOS 2.0, KBAGs are now used instead of the 0x837 key. Because iOS versions 1.x were used only on the iPhone and iPod touch (both use the S5L8900) the encrypted values for other processors don't matter.

Key 0x838

Generated by encrypting 0x8C8318A27D7F030717D2B8FC5514F8E1 with the UID-key.
Another UID-AES-key-based key, it is used to encrypt everything but LLB in the NOR (iBoot, DeviceTree, pictures).

Key 0x899

Generated by encrypting 0xD1E8FCB53937BF8DEFC74CD1D0F1D4B0 with the UID-key. Usage unknown.

Key 0x89A

Used on A4 devices. Generated by encrypting 0xDB1F5B33606C5F1C1934AA66589C0661 with the UID-key, getting a device-specific key.
It is used to encrypt the SHSH blobs on the device.

Key 0x89B

Generated by encrypting 0x183E99676BB03C546FA468F51C0CBD49 with the UID-key. It is used to encrypt the data partition key.

Using greenpois0n

  • Use 'xpwntool file.img3 /dev/null' to extract the KBAG hex string from file.img3
  • Run steps 1 through 5 from PwnStrap
  • Start greenpois0n console: 'irecovery -s'
  • Execute 'go aes dec _KBAG_STRING_' in irecovery console

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