purplera1n

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Credit

  • Vulnerability, Exploit, and Windows client: geohot
  • Mac OS X client: AriX and westbaer

Signature Grabber

Allowed anyone with an iPhone 3GS to generate a file that contained:

It has since been discontinued, however.

This was done so you would have a backup that could be used to allow you to boot an older iBSS. However, no tool was ever created to utilize this backup.

Jailbreak Tool

One-Click, dead simple, jailbreak for the iPhone 3GS on iOS 3.0 only (not 3.0.1 or later). Currently available for Windows and Mac. It utilizes the iBoot Environment Variable Overflow.

How purplera1n Works

Exploitation

  1. purplera1n sends the enter recovery commands using MobileDevice Framework
  2. once in Recovery Mode (iBoot), it sends the iBoot Environment Variable Overflow exploit
  3. the exploit adds a "geohot" command to the phone which runs the payload
  4. the "geohot" command is run, control is now transferred from iBoot to the payload
  5. the purplera1n client is done

Payload

  1. the payload restores the default environment variable ring buffer and saves the environment to nvram (sets auto-boot to true)
  2. it patches iBoot to load unsigned IMG3s and not care about the tags
  3. it loads the purplera1n picture (sent with payload)
  4. the NOR patcher starts
  5. LLB is decrypted, patched, and increased in size to 0x24200. this is the resident 0x24000 Segment Overflow exploit
  6. a little loader code is put @ 0x20000 in the LLB to load it and fix the stack
  7. iBoot is decrypted, patched
  8. everything else is read as is
  9. NOR is written back, nor patcher is done
  10. kernel is loaded, decrypted, and patched
  11. ramdisk is loaded (sent with payload) and moved to ramdisk region at 0x44000000, patched kernel is tacked on to the end
  12. patched kernel is booted
  13. control is now transferred from payload to ramdisk

Ramdisk

  1. launchd is run, all stuff happens here
  2. /dev/disk0s1 is mounted
  3. /private/etc/fstab and services are overwritten here to allow disk0s1 writes and AFC2 respectively
  4. Freeze is transferred and Freeze loader has SUID bit set
  5. patched kernel is read from end of ramdisk block device and written to filesystem
  6. ramdisk is done, rebooting...
  7. Reboots as jailbroken phone